Improve this Doc View Source ngApp

From Get docs
< Directive components in ngAngularjs/docs/1.8/api/ng/directive/ngapp

Improve this Doc View Source ngApp

  1. directive in module ng


Use this directive to auto-bootstrap an AngularJS application. The ngApp directive designates the root element of the application and is typically placed near the root element of the page - e.g. on the <body> or <html> tags.

There are a few things to keep in mind when using ngApp:

  • only one AngularJS application can be auto-bootstrapped per HTML document. The first ngApp found in the document will be used to define the root element to auto-bootstrap as an application. To run multiple applications in an HTML document you must manually bootstrap them using angular.bootstrap instead.
  • AngularJS applications cannot be nested within each other.
  • Do not use a directive that uses transclusion on the same element as ngApp. This includes directives such as ngIf, ngInclude and ngView. Doing this misplaces the app $rootElement and the app's injector, causing animations to stop working and making the injector inaccessible from outside the app.

You can specify an AngularJS module to be used as the root module for the application. This module will be loaded into the $injector when the application is bootstrapped. It should contain the application code needed or have dependencies on other modules that will contain the code. See angular.module for more information.

In the example below if the ngApp directive were not placed on the html element then the document would not be compiled, the AppController would not be instantiated and the Template:A+b would not be resolved to 3.

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.


  • as element:

  • as attribute:



Param Type Details
ngApp angular.Module an optional application module name to load.



boolean if this attribute is present on the app element, the injector will be created in "strict-di" mode. This means that the application will fail to invoke functions which do not use explicit function annotation (and are thus unsuitable for minification), as described in the Dependency Injection guide, and useful debugging info will assist in tracking down the root of these bugs.


Simple Usage

ngApp is the easiest, and most common way to bootstrap an application.

With ngStrictDi

Using ngStrictDi, you would see something like this:

© 2010–2020 Google, Inc.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0.