Angular supports most recent browsers. This includes the following specific versions:
|Edge||2 most recent major versions|
|IE||11, 10, 9 ("compatibility view" mode not supported)|
|Safari||2 most recent major versions|
|iOS||2 most recent major versions|
|Android||Nougat (7.0), Marshmallow (6.0), Lollipop (5.0, 5.1), KitKat (4.4)|
Angular is built on the latest standards of the web platform. Targeting such a wide range of browsers is challenging because they do not support all features of modern browsers. You compensate by loading polyfill scripts ("polyfills") for the browsers that you must support. The table below identifies most of the polyfills you might need.
The suggested polyfills are the ones that run full Angular applications. You may need additional polyfills to support features not covered by this list. Note that polyfills cannot magically transform an old, slow browser into a modern, fast one.
In Angular CLI version 8 and higher, applications are built using differential loading, a strategy where the CLI builds two separate bundles as part of your deployed application.
- The first bundle contains modern ES2015 syntax, takes advantage of built-in support in modern browsers, ships less polyfills, and results in a smaller bundle size.
- The second bundle contains code in the old ES5 syntax, along with all necessary polyfills. This results in a larger bundle size, but supports older browsers.
This strategy allows you to continue to build your web application to support multiple browsers, but only load the necessary code that the browser needs. For more information about how this works, see Differential Loading in the Deployment guide.
Enabling polyfills with CLI projects
When you create a project with the
ng new command, a
- The npm packages for the mandatory polyfills (such as
zone.js) are installed automatically for you when you create your project with
ng new, and their corresponding
importstatements are already enabled in the
- If you need an optional polyfill, you must install its npm package, then uncomment or create the corresponding import statement in the
For example, if you need the optional web animations polyfill, you could install it with
npm, using the following command (or the
# install the optional web animations polyfill npm install --save web-animations-js
You can then add the import statement in the
src/polyfills.ts file. For many polyfills, you can simply un-comment the corresponding
import statement in the file, as in the following example.
/** * Required to support Web Animations `@angular/platform-browser/animations`. * Needed for: All but Chrome, Firefox and Opera. http://caniuse.com/#feat=web-animation **/ import 'web-animations-js'; // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`.
If the polyfill you want is not already in
polyfills.ts file, add the
import statement by hand.
These are the polyfills required to run an Angular application on each supported browser:
|Browsers (Desktop & Mobile)||Polyfills Required|
|Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, Android, IE 10+||ES2015|
Optional browser features to polyfill
Some features of Angular may require additional polyfills.
|Feature||Polyfill||Browsers (Desktop & Mobile)|
|AnimationBuilder. (Standard animation support does not require polyfills.)||Web Animations||If AnimationBuilder is used, enables scrubbing support for IE/Edge and Safari. (Chrome and Firefox support this natively).|
|If you use the following deprecated i18n pipes: date, currency, decimal, percent||Intl API||All but Chrome, Firefox, Edge, IE 11 and Safari 10|
|NgClass on SVG elements||classList||IE 10, IE 11|
|Http when sending and receiving binary data||IE 9|
|Router when using hash-based routing||ES7/array||IE 11|
The following polyfills are used to test the framework itself. They are a good starting point for an application.
|Intl||MIT / Unicode license||13.5KB|
- Figures are for minified and gzipped code, computed with the closure compiler.
Polyfills for non-CLI users
If you are not using the CLI, add your polyfill scripts directly to the host web page (
<!-- pre-zone polyfills --> <script src="node_modules/core-js/client/shim.min.js"></script> <script src="node_modules/web-animations-js/web-animations.min.js"></script> <script> /** * you can configure some zone flags which can disable zone interception for some * asynchronous activities to improve startup performance - use these options only * if you know what you are doing as it could result in hard to trace down bugs.. */ // __Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame // __Zone_disable_on_property = true; // disable patch onProperty such as onclick // __zone_symbol__BLACK_LISTED_EVENTS = ['scroll', 'mousemove']; // disable patch specified eventNames /* * in IE/Edge developer tools, the addEventListener will also be wrapped by zone.js * with the following flag, it will bypass `zone.js` patch for IE/Edge */ // __Zone_enable_cross_context_check = true; </script> <!-- zone.js required by Angular --> <script src="node_modules/zone.js/dist/zone.js"></script> <!-- application polyfills -->
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