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< @angular/coreAngular/docs/11/api/core/viewchildren



Parameter decorator that configures a view query.

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Use to get the QueryList of elements or directives from the view DOM. Any time a child element is added, removed, or moved, the query list will be updated, and the changes observable of the query list will emit a new value.

View queries are set before the ngAfterViewInit callback is called.

Metadata Properties:

  • selector - The directive type or the name used for querying.
  • read - Used to read a different token from the queried elements.
  • emitDistinctChangesOnly - The QueryList#changes observable will emit new values only if the QueryList result has changed. The default value will change from false to true in v12. When false the changes observable might emit even if the QueryList has not changed.

Further information available in the Usage Notes...


Usage notes

import {AfterViewInit, Component, Directive, QueryList, ViewChildren} from '@angular/core';

@Directive({selector: 'child-directive'})
class ChildDirective {

@Component({selector: 'someCmp', templateUrl: 'someCmp.html'})
class SomeCmp implements AfterViewInit {
  @ViewChildren(ChildDirective) viewChildren!: QueryList<ChildDirective>;

  ngAfterViewInit() {
    // viewChildren is set

Another example

import {AfterViewInit, Component, Directive, Input, QueryList, ViewChildren} from '@angular/core';

@Directive({selector: 'pane'})
export class Pane {
  @Input() id!: string;

  selector: 'example-app',
  template: `
    <pane id="1"></pane>
    <pane id="2"></pane>
    <pane id="3" *ngIf="shouldShow"></pane>

    <button (click)="show()">Show 3</button>

    <div>panes: {{serializedPanes}}</div>
export class ViewChildrenComp implements AfterViewInit {
  @ViewChildren(Pane) panes!: QueryList<Pane>;
  serializedPanes: string = '';

  shouldShow = false;

  show() {
    this.shouldShow = true;

  ngAfterViewInit() {
    this.panes.changes.subscribe((r) => {

  calculateSerializedPanes() {
    setTimeout(() => {
      this.serializedPanes = =>', ');
    }, 0);

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