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< @angular/formsAngular/docs/9/api/forms/ngform



Creates a top-level FormGroup instance and binds it to a form to track aggregate form value and validation status.

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  • form:not([ngNoForm]):not([formGroup])
  • ng-form
  • [ngForm]


Property Description
submitted: boolean

Read-Only Returns whether the form submission has been triggered.

form: FormGroup The FormGroup instance created for this form.
@Output()ngSubmit: EventEmitter Event emitter for the "ngSubmit" event
@Input('ngFormOptions')options: { updateOn?: FormHooks; }

Tracks options for the NgForm instance.

updateOn: Sets the default updateOn value for all child NgModels below it unless explicitly set by a child NgModel using ngModelOptions). Defaults to 'change'. Possible values: 'change' | 'blur' | 'submit'.

formDirective: Form

Read-Only The directive instance.

control: FormGroup

Read-Only The internal FormGroup instance.

path: string[]

Read-Only Returns an array representing the path to this group. Because this directive always lives at the top level of a form, it is always an empty array.

controls: { [key: string]: AbstractControl; }

Read-Only Returns a map of the controls in this group.

Inherited from ControlContainer

  • name: string | number | null
  • formDirective: Form | null
  • path: string[] | null

Inherited from AbstractControlDirective

  • abstract control: AbstractControl | null
  • value: any
  • valid: boolean | null
  • invalid: boolean | null
  • pending: boolean | null
  • disabled: boolean | null
  • enabled: boolean | null
  • errors: ValidationErrors | null
  • pristine: boolean | null
  • dirty: boolean | null
  • touched: boolean | null
  • status: string | null
  • untouched: boolean | null
  • statusChanges: Observable<any> | null
  • valueChanges: Observable<any> | null
  • path: string[] | null

Template variable references

Identifier Usage
ngForm #myTemplateVar="ngForm"


As soon as you import the FormsModule, this directive becomes active by default on all <form> tags. You don't need to add a special selector.

You optionally export the directive into a local template variable using ngForm as the key (ex: #myForm="ngForm"). This is optional, but useful. Many properties from the underlying FormGroup instance are duplicated on the directive itself, so a reference to it gives you access to the aggregate value and validity status of the form, as well as user interaction properties like dirty and touched.

To register child controls with the form, use NgModel with a name attribute. You may use NgModelGroup to create sub-groups within the form.

If necessary, listen to the directive's ngSubmit event to be notified when the user has triggered a form submission. The ngSubmit event emits the original form submission event.

In template driven forms, all <form> tags are automatically tagged as NgForm. To import the FormsModule but skip its usage in some forms, for example, to use native HTML5 validation, add the ngNoForm and the <form> tags won't create an NgForm directive. In reactive forms, using ngNoForm is unnecessary because the <form> tags are inert. In that case, you would refrain from using the formGroup directive.

Listening for form submission

The following example shows how to capture the form values from the "ngSubmit" event.

import {Component} from '@angular/core';
import {NgForm} from '@angular/forms';

  selector: 'example-app',
  template: `
    <form #f="ngForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit(f)" novalidate>
      <input name="first" ngModel required #first="ngModel">
      <input name="last" ngModel>
    <p>First name value: {{ first.value }}</p>
    <p>First name valid: {{ first.valid }}</p>
    <p>Form value: {{ f.value | json }}</p>
    <p>Form valid: {{ f.valid }}</p>
export class SimpleFormComp {
  onSubmit(f: NgForm) {
    console.log(f.value);  // { first: '', last: '' }
    console.log(f.valid);  // false

Setting the update options

The following example shows you how to change the "updateOn" option from its default using ngFormOptions.

<form [ngFormOptions]="{updateOn: 'blur'}">
   <input name="one" ngModel>  <!-- this ngModel will update on blur -->

Native DOM validation UI

In order to prevent the native DOM form validation UI from interfering with Angular's form validation, Angular automatically adds the novalidate attribute on any <form> whenever FormModule or ReactiveFormModule are imported into the application. If you want to explicitly enable native DOM validation UI with Angular forms, you can add the ngNativeValidate attribute to the <form> element:

<form ngNativeValidate>


Lifecycle method called after the view is initialized. For internal use only.



There are no parameters.

Method that sets up the control directive in this group, re-calculates its value and validity, and adds the instance to the internal list of directives.

addControl(dir: NgModel): void

dir NgModel The NgModel directive instance.


Retrieves the FormControl instance from the provided NgModel directive.

getControl(dir: NgModel): FormControl

dir NgModel The NgModel directive instance.


Removes the NgModel instance from the internal list of directives

removeControl(dir: NgModel): void

dir NgModel The NgModel directive instance.


Adds a new NgModelGroup directive instance to the form.

addFormGroup(dir: NgModelGroup): void

dir NgModelGroup The NgModelGroup directive instance.


Removes the NgModelGroup directive instance from the form.

removeFormGroup(dir: NgModelGroup): void

dir NgModelGroup The NgModelGroup directive instance.


Retrieves the FormGroup for a provided NgModelGroup directive instance

getFormGroup(dir: NgModelGroup): FormGroup

dir NgModelGroup The NgModelGroup directive instance.


Sets the new value for the provided NgControl directive.

updateModel(dir: NgControl, value: any): void

dir NgControl The NgControl directive instance.
value any The new value for the directive's control.


Sets the value for this FormGroup.

setValue(value: { [key: string]: any; }): void

value object The new value


Method called when the "submit" event is triggered on the form. Triggers the ngSubmit emitter to emit the "submit" event as its payload.

onSubmit($event: Event): boolean

$event Event The "submit" event object


Method called when the "reset" event is triggered on the form.

onReset(): void


There are no parameters.



Resets the form to an initial value and resets its submitted status.

resetForm(value: any = undefined): void

value any

The new value for the form.

Optional. Default is undefined.



Inherited from AbstractControlDirective

  • reset(value: any = undefined): void
  • hasError(errorCode: string, path?: string | (string | number)[]): boolean
  • getError(errorCode: string, path?: string | (string | number)[]): any

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