Spring Security – security none, filters none, access permitAll

1. Overview

Spring Security provides several mechanisms to configure a request pattern as unsecured or allowing all access. Depending on each of these mechanisms – this can either mean not running the security filter chain on that path at all, or running the filter chain and allowing access.

Further reading:

Spring Security – Roles and Privileges

How to map Roles and Privileges for a Spring Security application: the setup, the authentication and the registration process.

Read more

Spring Security for a REST API

How to Secure a REST API with Spring Security – the XML Configuration, the web.xml, the HTTP status codes for authentication, etc.

Read more

Spring Security Expressions – hasRole Example

Intro to the hasRole Spring Security Expression: set up Web Authorization by URL and in page, as well as Method Security with @PreAuthorize.

Read more

2. access=”permitAll”

Setting up an <intercept-url> element with access=”permitAll” will configure the authorization so that all requests are allowed on that particular path:

<intercept-url pattern="/login*" access="permitAll" />

Or, via Java configuration:

http.authorizeRequests().antMatchers("/login*").permitAll();

This is achieved without disabling the security filters – these still run, so any Spring Security related functionality will still be available.

3. filters=”none”

This is a pre-Spring 3.1 feature that has been deprecated and replaced in Spring 3.1.

The filters attribute disables the Spring Security filters chain entirely on that particular request path:

<intercept-url pattern="/login*" filters="none" />

This may cause problems when the processing of the request will require some functionality of Spring Security.

Since this is a deprecated feature Spring versions newer than 3.0, using it with Spring 3.1 will result in a runtime exception on startup:

SEVERE: Context initialization failed
org.springframework.beans.factory.parsing.BeanDefinitionParsingException:
Configuration problem: The use of "filters='none'" is no longer supported.
Please define a separate <http> element for the pattern you want to exclude
and use the attribute "security='none'".
Offending resource: class path resource [webSecurityConfig.xml]
    at o.s.b.f.p.FailFastProblemReporter.error(FailFastProblemReporter.java:68)

4. security=”none”

As we saw in the error message above, Spring 3.1 replaces filters=”none” with a new expression – security=”none”.

The scope has changed as well – this is no longer specified at the <intercept-url> element level. Instead, Spring 3.1 allows multiple <http> elements to be defined – each with its own security filter chain configuration. And so, the new security attribute now belongs on at the <http> element level.

In practice, this will look like:

<http pattern="/resources/**" security="none"/>

Or with Java configuration:

web.ignoring().antMatchers("/resources/**");

Instead of the old:

<intercept-url pattern="/resources/**" filters="none"/>

Similar to filters=”none”, this will also completely disable the Security filter chain for that request path – so when the request is handled in the application, Spring Security features will not be available.

This is not a problem for the examples above, which mainly deal with serving static resources – where no actual processing takes place. However, if the request is handled programmatically in some way – then security functionalities such as requires-channel, accessing the current user or calling secured methods will not be available.

For the same reason, there is no point specifying additional attributes on an <http> element that has already been configured with security=”none” because that request path is unsecured and the attributes will simply be ignored.

Alternatively, access=’IS_AUTHENTICATED_ANONYMOUSLY’ can be used to allow anonymous access.

5. Caveats for security=”none”

When using multiple <http> elements, some configured with security=”none”, keep in mind that the order in which these elements are defined is important. We want to have the specific <http> paths first, followed the universal pattern at the very end.

Also note that, if an <http> element doesn’t specify a pattern, then by default, that maps to the universal match pattern – “/*” – so again, this element needs to be last. If the order of the elements is not correct, the *creation of the security filter chain will fail:

Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A universal match pattern ('/**')
is defined  before other patterns in the filter chain, causing them to be ignored.
Please check the ordering in your <security:http> namespace or FilterChainProxy bean configuration
    at o.s.s.c.h.DefaultFilterChainValidator.checkPathOrder(DefaultFilterChainValidator.java:49)
    at o.s.s.c.h.DefaultFilterChainValidator.validate(DefaultFilterChainValidator.java:39)

6. Conclusion

This article discusses the options of allowing access to a path with Spring Security – focusing on the differences between filters=”none”, security=”none” and access=”permitAll”.

As usual, the examples are available over on GitHub.

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