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16 Makefile Conventions

This describes conventions for writing the Makefiles for GNU programs. Using Automake will help you write a Makefile that follows these conventions. For more information on portable Makefiles, see POSIX and Portable Make Programming in Autoconf.

Makefile Basics    General conventions for Makefiles.
Utilities in Makefiles    Utilities to be used in Makefiles.
Command Variables    Variables for specifying commands.
DESTDIR    Supporting staged installs.
Directory Variables    Variables for installation directories.
Standard Targets    Standard targets for users.
Install Command Categories    Three categories of commands in the ‘install

rule: normal, pre-install and post-install.