Exit Status (GNU Grep 3.7)

From Get docs

2.3 Exit Status

Normally the exit status is 0 if a line is selected, 1 if no lines were selected, and 2 if an error occurred. However, if the -q or --quiet or --silent option is used and a line is selected, the exit status is 0 even if an error occurred. Other grep implementations may exit with status greater than 2 on error.