23.3.3.7 Types In Guile

GDB represents types from the inferior in objects of type <gdb:type>.

The following type-related procedures are provided by the (gdb) module.

Scheme Procedure
type? object
Return #t if object is an object of type <gdb:type>. Otherwise return #f.
Scheme Procedure: lookup-type name [#:block block]

This function looks up a type by its name, which must be a string.

If block is given, it is an object of type <gdb:block>, and name is looked up in that scope. Otherwise, it is searched for globally.

Ordinarily, this function will return an instance of <gdb:type>. If the named type cannot be found, it will throw an exception.

Scheme Procedure
type-code type
Return the type code of type. The type code will be one of the TYPE_CODE_ constants defined below.
Scheme Procedure
type-tag type
Return the tag name of type. The tag name is the name after struct, union, or enum in C and C++; not all languages have this concept. If this type has no tag name, then #f is returned.
Scheme Procedure
type-name type
Return the name of type. If this type has no name, then #f is returned.
Scheme Procedure
type-print-name type
Return the print name of type. This returns something even for anonymous types. For example, for an anonymous C struct "struct {...}" is returned.
Scheme Procedure
type-sizeof type
Return the size of this type, in target char units. Usually, a target’s char type will be an 8-bit byte. However, on some unusual platforms, this type may have a different size.
Scheme Procedure
type-strip-typedefs type
Return a new <gdb:type> that represents the real type of type, after removing all layers of typedefs.
Scheme Procedure
type-array type n1 [n2]
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents an array of this type. If one argument is given, it is the inclusive upper bound of the array; in this case the lower bound is zero. If two arguments are given, the first argument is the lower bound of the array, and the second argument is the upper bound of the array. An array’s length must not be negative, but the bounds can be.
Scheme Procedure: type-vector type n1 [n2]

Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents a vector of this type. If one argument is given, it is the inclusive upper bound of the vector; in this case the lower bound is zero. If two arguments are given, the first argument is the lower bound of the vector, and the second argument is the upper bound of the vector. A vector’s length must not be negative, but the bounds can be.

The difference between an array and a vector is that arrays behave like in C: when used in expressions they decay to a pointer to the first element whereas vectors are treated as first class values.

Scheme Procedure
type-pointer type
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents a pointer to type.
Scheme Procedure
type-range type
Return a list of two elements: the low bound and high bound of type. If type does not have a range, an exception is thrown.
Scheme Procedure
type-reference type
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents a reference to type.
Scheme Procedure: type-target type

Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents the target type of type.

For a pointer type, the target type is the type of the pointed-to object. For an array type (meaning C-like arrays), the target type is the type of the elements of the array. For a function or method type, the target type is the type of the return value. For a complex type, the target type is the type of the elements. For a typedef, the target type is the aliased type.

If the type does not have a target, this method will throw an exception.

Scheme Procedure
type-const type
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents a const-qualified variant of type.
Scheme Procedure
type-volatile type
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents a volatile-qualified variant of type.
Scheme Procedure
type-unqualified type
Return a new <gdb:type> object which represents an unqualified variant of type. That is, the result is neither const nor volatile.
Scheme Procedure
type-num-fields
Return the number of fields of <gdb:type> type.
Scheme Procedure
type-fields type
Return the fields of type as a list. For structure and union types, fields has the usual meaning. Range types have two fields, the minimum and maximum values. Enum types have one field per enum constant. Function and method types have one field per parameter. The base types of C++ classes are also represented as fields. If the type has no fields, or does not fit into one of these categories, an empty list will be returned. See Fields of a type in Guile.
Scheme Procedure
make-field-iterator type
Return the fields of type as a <gdb:iterator> object. See Iterators In Guile.
Scheme Procedure: type-field type field-name

Return field named field-name in type. The result is an object of type <gdb:field>. See Fields of a type in Guile. If the type does not have fields, or field-name is not a field of type, an exception is thrown.

For example, if some-type is a <gdb:type> instance holding a structure type, you can access its foo field with:

(define bar (type-field some-type "foo"))

bar will be a <gdb:field> object.

Scheme Procedure
type-has-field? type name
Return #t if <gdb:type> type has field named name. Otherwise return #f.

Each type has a code, which indicates what category this type falls into. The available type categories are represented by constants defined in the (gdb) module:

TYPE_CODE_PTR
The type is a pointer.
TYPE_CODE_ARRAY
The type is an array.
TYPE_CODE_STRUCT
The type is a structure.
TYPE_CODE_UNION
The type is a union.
TYPE_CODE_ENUM
The type is an enum.
TYPE_CODE_FLAGS
A bit flags type, used for things such as status registers.
TYPE_CODE_FUNC
The type is a function.
TYPE_CODE_INT
The type is an integer type.
TYPE_CODE_FLT
A floating point type.
TYPE_CODE_VOID
The special type void.
TYPE_CODE_SET
A Pascal set type.
TYPE_CODE_RANGE
A range type, that is, an integer type with bounds.
TYPE_CODE_STRING
A string type. Note that this is only used for certain languages with language-defined string types; C strings are not represented this way.
TYPE_CODE_BITSTRING
A string of bits. It is deprecated.
TYPE_CODE_ERROR
An unknown or erroneous type.
TYPE_CODE_METHOD
A method type, as found in C++.
TYPE_CODE_METHODPTR
A pointer-to-member-function.
TYPE_CODE_MEMBERPTR
A pointer-to-member.
TYPE_CODE_REF
A reference type.
TYPE_CODE_CHAR
A character type.
TYPE_CODE_BOOL
A boolean type.
TYPE_CODE_COMPLEX
A complex float type.
TYPE_CODE_TYPEDEF
A typedef to some other type.
TYPE_CODE_NAMESPACE
A C++ namespace.
TYPE_CODE_DECFLOAT
A decimal floating point type.
TYPE_CODE_INTERNAL_FUNCTION
A function internal to GDB. This is the type used to represent convenience functions (see Convenience Funs).

Further support for types is provided in the (gdb types) Guile module (see Guile Types Module).

Each field is represented as an object of type <gdb:field>.

The following field-related procedures are provided by the (gdb) module:

Scheme Procedure
field? object
Return #t if object is an object of type <gdb:field>. Otherwise return #f.
Scheme Procedure
field-name field
Return the name of the field, or #f for anonymous fields.
Scheme Procedure
field-type field
Return the type of the field. This is usually an instance of <gdb:type>, but it can be #f in some situations.
Scheme Procedure
field-enumval field
Return the enum value represented by <gdb:field> field.
Scheme Procedure
field-bitpos field
Return the bit position of <gdb:field> field. This attribute is not available for static fields (as in C++).
Scheme Procedure
field-bitsize field
If the field is packed, or is a bitfield, return the size of <gdb:field> field in bits. Otherwise, zero is returned; in which case the field’s size is given by its type.
Scheme Procedure
field-artificial? field
Return #t if the field is artificial, usually meaning that it was provided by the compiler and not the user. Otherwise return #f.
Scheme Procedure
field-base-class? field
Return #t if the field represents a base class of a C++ structure. Otherwise return #f.