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4.1 How Input Is Split into Records

awk divides the input for your program into records and fields. It keeps track of the number of records that have been read so far from the current input file. This value is stored in a predefined variable called FNR, which is reset to zero every time a new file is started. Another predefined variable, NR, records the total number of input records read so far from all data files. It starts at zero, but is never automatically reset to zero.

Normally, records are separated by newline characters. You can control how records are separated by assigning values to the built-in variable RS. If RS is any single character, that character separates records. Otherwise (in gawk), RS is treated as a regular expression. This mechanism is explained in greater detail shortly.

awk split records    How standard awk splits records.
gawk split records    How gawk splits records.