17.4.11 Array Manipulation

The primary data structure110 in awk is the associative array (see section Arrays in awk). Extensions need to be able to manipulate awk arrays. The API provides a number of data structures for working with arrays, functions for working with individual elements, and functions for working with arrays as a whole. This includes the ability to “flatten” an array so that it is easy for C code to traverse every element in an array. The array data structures integrate nicely with the data structures for values to make it easy to both work with and create true arrays of arrays (see section General-Purpose Data Types).

Array Data Types    Data types for working with arrays.
Array Functions    Functions for working with arrays.
Flattening Arrays    How to flatten arrays.
Creating Arrays    How to create and populate arrays.

Footnotes

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OK, the only data structure.