Source code for django.db.models.aggregates


"""
Classes to represent the definitions of aggregate functions.
"""
from django.core.exceptions import FieldError
from django.db.models.expressions import Case, Func, Star, When
from django.db.models.fields import IntegerField
from django.db.models.functions.mixins import (
    FixDurationInputMixin, NumericOutputFieldMixin,
)

__all__ = [
    'Aggregate', 'Avg', 'Count', 'Max', 'Min', 'StdDev', 'Sum', 'Variance',
]


[docs]class Aggregate(Func):
    template = '%(function)s(%(distinct)s%(expressions)s)'
    contains_aggregate = True
    name = None
    filter_template = '%s FILTER (WHERE %%(filter)s)'
    window_compatible = True
    allow_distinct = False

    def __init__(self, *expressions, distinct=False, filter=None, **extra):
        if distinct and not self.allow_distinct:
            raise TypeError("%s does not allow distinct." % self.__class__.__name__)
        self.distinct = distinct
        self.filter = filter
        super().__init__(*expressions, **extra)

    def get_source_fields(self):
        # Don't return the filter expression since it's not a source field.
        return [e._output_field_or_none for e in super().get_source_expressions()]

    def get_source_expressions(self):
        source_expressions = super().get_source_expressions()
        if self.filter:
            return source_expressions + [self.filter]
        return source_expressions

    def set_source_expressions(self, exprs):
        self.filter = self.filter and exprs.pop()
        return super().set_source_expressions(exprs)

    def resolve_expression(self, query=None, allow_joins=True, reuse=None, summarize=False, for_save=False):
        # Aggregates are not allowed in UPDATE queries, so ignore for_save
        c = super().resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize)
        c.filter = c.filter and c.filter.resolve_expression(query, allow_joins, reuse, summarize)
        if not summarize:
            # Call Aggregate.get_source_expressions() to avoid
            # returning self.filter and including that in this loop.
            expressions = super(Aggregate, c).get_source_expressions()
            for index, expr in enumerate(expressions):
                if expr.contains_aggregate:
                    before_resolved = self.get_source_expressions()[index]
                    name = before_resolved.name if hasattr(before_resolved, 'name') else repr(before_resolved)
                    raise FieldError("Cannot compute %s('%s'): '%s' is an aggregate" % (c.name, name, name))
        return c

    @property
    def default_alias(self):
        expressions = self.get_source_expressions()
        if len(expressions) == 1 and hasattr(expressions[0], 'name'):
            return '%s__%s' % (expressions[0].name, self.name.lower())
        raise TypeError("Complex expressions require an alias")

    def get_group_by_cols(self):
        return []

    def as_sql(self, compiler, connection, **extra_context):
        extra_context['distinct'] = 'DISTINCT ' if self.distinct else ''
        if self.filter:
            if connection.features.supports_aggregate_filter_clause:
                filter_sql, filter_params = self.filter.as_sql(compiler, connection)
                template = self.filter_template % extra_context.get('template', self.template)
                sql, params = super().as_sql(
                    compiler, connection, template=template, filter=filter_sql,
                    **extra_context
                )
                return sql, params + filter_params
            else:
                copy = self.copy()
                copy.filter = None
                source_expressions = copy.get_source_expressions()
                condition = When(self.filter, then=source_expressions[0])
                copy.set_source_expressions([Case(condition)] + source_expressions[1:])
                return super(Aggregate, copy).as_sql(compiler, connection, **extra_context)
        return super().as_sql(compiler, connection, **extra_context)

    def _get_repr_options(self):
        options = super()._get_repr_options()
        if self.distinct:
            options['distinct'] = self.distinct
        if self.filter:
            options['filter'] = self.filter
        return options


[docs]class Avg(FixDurationInputMixin, NumericOutputFieldMixin, Aggregate):
    function = 'AVG'
    name = 'Avg'


[docs]class Count(Aggregate):
    function = 'COUNT'
    name = 'Count'
    output_field = IntegerField()
    allow_distinct = True

    def __init__(self, expression, filter=None, **extra):
        if expression == '*':
            expression = Star()
        if isinstance(expression, Star) and filter is not None:
            raise ValueError('Star cannot be used with filter. Please specify a field.')
        super().__init__(expression, filter=filter, **extra)

    def convert_value(self, value, expression, connection):
        return 0 if value is None else value


[docs]class Max(Aggregate):
    function = 'MAX'
    name = 'Max'


[docs]class Min(Aggregate):
    function = 'MIN'
    name = 'Min'


[docs]class StdDev(NumericOutputFieldMixin, Aggregate):
    name = 'StdDev'

    def __init__(self, expression, sample=False, **extra):
        self.function = 'STDDEV_SAMP' if sample else 'STDDEV_POP'
        super().__init__(expression, **extra)

    def _get_repr_options(self):
        return {**super()._get_repr_options(), 'sample': self.function == 'STDDEV_SAMP'}


[docs]class Sum(FixDurationInputMixin, Aggregate):
    function = 'SUM'
    name = 'Sum'


[docs]class Variance(NumericOutputFieldMixin, Aggregate):
    name = 'Variance'

    def __init__(self, expression, sample=False, **extra):
        self.function = 'VAR_SAMP' if sample else 'VAR_POP'
        super().__init__(expression, **extra)

    def _get_repr_options(self):
        return {**super()._get_repr_options(), 'sample': self.function == 'VAR_SAMP'}