Source code for django.forms.boundfield

import datetime

from django.forms.utils import flatatt, pretty_name
from django.forms.widgets import Textarea, TextInput
from django.utils.functional import cached_property
from django.utils.html import conditional_escape, format_html, html_safe
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _

__all__ = ('BoundField',)

class BoundField:
    "A Field plus data"
    def __init__(self, form, field, name):
        self.form = form
        self.field = field = name
        self.html_name = form.add_prefix(name)
        self.html_initial_name = form.add_initial_prefix(name)
        self.html_initial_id = form.add_initial_prefix(self.auto_id)
        if self.field.label is None:
            self.label = pretty_name(name)
            self.label = self.field.label
        self.help_text = field.help_text or ''

    def __str__(self):
        """Render this field as an HTML widget."""
        if self.field.show_hidden_initial:
            return self.as_widget() + self.as_hidden(only_initial=True)
        return self.as_widget()

    def subwidgets(self):
        Most widgets yield a single subwidget, but others like RadioSelect and
        CheckboxSelectMultiple produce one subwidget for each choice.

        This property is cached so that only one database query occurs when
        rendering ModelChoiceFields.
        id_ = self.field.widget.attrs.get('id') or self.auto_id
        attrs = {'id': id_} if id_ else {}
        attrs = self.build_widget_attrs(attrs)
        return [
            BoundWidget(self.field.widget, widget, self.form.renderer)
            for widget in self.field.widget.subwidgets(self.html_name, self.value(), attrs=attrs)

    def __bool__(self):
        # BoundField evaluates to True even if it doesn't have subwidgets.
        return True

    def __iter__(self):
        return iter(self.subwidgets)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.subwidgets)

    def __getitem__(self, idx):
        # Prevent unnecessary reevaluation when accessing BoundField's attrs
        # from templates.
        if not isinstance(idx, (int, slice)):
            raise TypeError
        return self.subwidgets[idx]

    def errors(self):
        Return an ErrorList (empty if there are no errors) for this field.
        return self.form.errors.get(, self.form.error_class())

[docs]    def as_widget(self, widget=None, attrs=None, only_initial=False):
        Render the field by rendering the passed widget, adding any HTML
        attributes passed as attrs. If a widget isn't specified, use the
        field's default widget.
        widget = widget or self.field.widget
        if self.field.localize:
            widget.is_localized = True
        attrs = attrs or {}
        attrs = self.build_widget_attrs(attrs, widget)
        if self.auto_id and 'id' not in widget.attrs:
            attrs.setdefault('id', self.html_initial_id if only_initial else self.auto_id)
        return widget.render(
            name=self.html_initial_name if only_initial else self.html_name,

    def as_text(self, attrs=None, **kwargs):
        Return a string of HTML for representing this as an .
        return self.as_widget(TextInput(), attrs, **kwargs)

    def as_textarea(self, attrs=None, **kwargs):
        """Return a string of HTML for representing this as a ."""
        return self.as_widget(Textarea(), attrs, **kwargs)

[docs]    def as_hidden(self, attrs=None, **kwargs):
        Return a string of HTML for representing this as an .
        return self.as_widget(self.field.hidden_widget(), attrs, **kwargs)

    def data(self):
        Return the data for this BoundField, or None if it wasn't given.
        return self.field.widget.value_from_datadict(, self.form.files, self.html_name)

[docs]    def value(self):
        Return the value for this BoundField, using the initial value if
        the form is not bound or the data otherwise.
        data = self.initial
        if self.form.is_bound:
            data = self.field.bound_data(, data)
        return self.field.prepare_value(data)

[docs]    def label_tag(self, contents=None, attrs=None, label_suffix=None):
        Wrap the given contents in a , if the field has an ID attribute.
        contents should be mark_safe'd to avoid HTML escaping. If contents
        aren't given, use the field's HTML-escaped label.

        If attrs are given, use them as HTML attributes on the  tag.

        label_suffix overrides the form's label_suffix.
        contents = contents or self.label
        if label_suffix is None:
            label_suffix = (self.field.label_suffix if self.field.label_suffix is not None
                            else self.form.label_suffix)
        # Only add the suffix if the label does not end in punctuation.
        # Translators: If found as last label character, these punctuation
        # characters will prevent the default label_suffix to be appended to the label
        if label_suffix and contents and contents[-1] not in _(':?.!'):
            contents = format_html('{}{}', contents, label_suffix)
        widget = self.field.widget
        id_ = widget.attrs.get('id') or self.auto_id
        if id_:
            id_for_label = widget.id_for_label(id_)
            if id_for_label:
                attrs = {**(attrs or {}), 'for': id_for_label}
            if self.field.required and hasattr(self.form, 'required_css_class'):
                attrs = attrs or {}
                if 'class' in attrs:
                    attrs['class'] += ' ' + self.form.required_css_class
                    attrs['class'] = self.form.required_css_class
            attrs = flatatt(attrs) if attrs else ''
            contents = format_html('{}>{}', attrs, contents)
            contents = conditional_escape(contents)
        return mark_safe(contents)

[docs]    def css_classes(self, extra_classes=None):
        Return a string of space-separated CSS classes for this field.
        if hasattr(extra_classes, 'split'):
            extra_classes = extra_classes.split()
        extra_classes = set(extra_classes or [])
        if self.errors and hasattr(self.form, 'error_css_class'):
        if self.field.required and hasattr(self.form, 'required_css_class'):
        return ' '.join(extra_classes)

    def is_hidden(self):
        """Return True if this BoundField's widget is hidden."""
        return self.field.widget.is_hidden

    def auto_id(self):
        Calculate and return the ID attribute for this BoundField, if the
        associated Form has specified auto_id. Return an empty string otherwise.
        auto_id = self.form.auto_id  # Boolean or string
        if auto_id and '%s' in str(auto_id):
            return auto_id % self.html_name
        elif auto_id:
            return self.html_name
        return ''

    def id_for_label(self):
        Wrapper around the field widget's `id_for_label` method.
        Useful, for example, for focusing on this field regardless of whether
        it has a single widget or a MultiWidget.
        widget = self.field.widget
        id_ = widget.attrs.get('id') or self.auto_id
        return widget.id_for_label(id_)

    def initial(self):
        data = self.form.get_initial_for_field(self.field,
        # If this is an auto-generated default date, nix the microseconds for
        # standardized handling. See #22502.
        if (isinstance(data, (datetime.datetime, datetime.time)) and
                not self.field.widget.supports_microseconds):
            data = data.replace(microsecond=0)
        return data

    def build_widget_attrs(self, attrs, widget=None):
        widget = widget or self.field.widget
        attrs = dict(attrs)  # Copy attrs to avoid modifying the argument.
        if widget.use_required_attribute(self.initial) and self.field.required and self.form.use_required_attribute:
            attrs['required'] = True
        if self.field.disabled:
            attrs['disabled'] = True
        return attrs

class BoundWidget:
    A container class used for iterating over widgets. This is useful for
    widgets that have choices. For example, the following can be used in a

    {% for radio in myform.beatles %}
        {{ radio.choice_label }}
        {{ radio.tag }}
    {% endfor %}
    def __init__(self, parent_widget, data, renderer):
        self.parent_widget = parent_widget = data
        self.renderer = renderer

    def __str__(self):
        return self.tag(wrap_label=True)

    def tag(self, wrap_label=False):
        context = {'widget': {**, 'wrap_label': wrap_label}}
        return self.parent_widget._render(self.template_name, context, self.renderer)

    def template_name(self):
        if 'template_name' in
        return self.parent_widget.template_name

    def id_for_label(self):
        return 'id_%s_%s' % (['name'],['index'])

    def choice_label(self):