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< Strings library‎ | basic stringCpp/docs/latest/string/basic string/operator q q s


Defined in header <string>
string operator "" s(const char *str, std::size_t len);
(1) (since C++14)
u8string operator "" s(const char8_t *str, std::size_t len);
(2) (since C++20)
u16string operator "" s(const char16_t *str, std::size_t len);
(3) (since C++14)
u32string operator "" s(const char32_t *str, std::size_t len);
(4) (since C++14)
wstring operator "" s(const wchar_t *str, std::size_t len);
(5) (since C++14)

Forms a string literal of the desired type.

1) returns std::string{str, len}

2) returns std::u8string{str, len}

3) returns std::u16string{str, len}

4) returns std::u32string{str, len}

5) returns std::wstring{str, len}


str - pointer to the beginning of the raw character array literal
len - length of the raw character array literal

Return value

The string literal.


These operators are declared in the namespace std::literals::string_literals, where both literals and string_literals are inline namespaces. Access to these operators can be gained with using namespace std::literals, using namespace std::string_literals, and using namespace std::literals::string_literals.

std::chrono::duration also defines operator""s, to represent literal seconds, but it is an arithmetic literal: 10.0s and 10s are ten seconds, but "10"s is a string.


#include <string>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    using namespace std::string_literals;
    std::string s1 = "abc\0\0def";
    std::string s2 = "abc\0\0def"s;
    std::cout << "s1: " << s1.size() << " \"" << s1 << "\"\n";
    std::cout << "s2: " << s2.size() << " \"" << s2 << "\"\n";

Possible output:

s1: 3 "abc"
s2: 8 "abc^@^@def"

See also

constructs a basic_string

(public member function)

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