Compound Commands (Bash Reference Manual)
3.2.5 Compound Commands
|• Looping Constructs||Shell commands for iterative action.|
|• Conditional Constructs||Shell commands for conditional execution.|
|• Command Grouping||Ways to group commands.|
Compound commands are the shell programming language constructs. Each construct begins with a reserved word or control operator and is terminated by a corresponding reserved word or operator. Any redirections (see Redirections) associated with a compound command apply to all commands within that compound command unless explicitly overridden.
In most cases a list of commands in a compound command’s description may be separated from the rest of the command by one or more newlines, and may be followed by a newline in place of a semicolon.
Bash provides looping constructs, conditional commands, and mechanisms to group commands and execute them as a unit.